After the Satavahanas, this place came into the limelight again during the Kakatiya dynasty, when the nearby towns of Motupalli and Voda Revu served as major seaports. The last dynasty to rule the Ongole region before the British was the Mandapati Dynasty(Zamindars).Ongole is also mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallava rulers of the 3rd and 4th Century A. According to the historical inscriptions available at Sri Raja Rajeswara Swami Temple complex in Ongole City was constructed by Cholas.It has an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft) AMSL Summer temperatures reaches as high as 44 °C (111 °F) during the month of May.Census of India, the city had a population of 204,746.The population constitutes 102,835 males and 101,911 females&a sex ratio of 994 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 9.19,744 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 10,228 are boys and 9,516 are girls&a ratio of 9.The town's history dates from 230 BCE with the era of the Mauryas and Sathavahanas who ruled most of what is now Andhra Pradesh.
Ongole is located in the eastern portion of the Prakasam District.
The average literacy rate stands at 83.04% with 153,628 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%. The agglomerated villages that were merged into Ongole corporation are : Cheruvukommupalem, Throvagunta, Muktinuthalapadu, Dsarajupalli, Koppolu, Narasapuram Agraharam, Pellur, Pernamitta, Vengamukkapalem.
Ongole bulls are a breed of Oxen that are exported to many countries.
The population of Ongole off-breed animals in Brazil is said to be around several millions.
The original breed of Ongole stud bulls are found in a small region around Ongole town between the Gundlakamma and Musi Rivers.